Investment Diversification Strategy – How to Figure Out My Risk Tolerance

By in Advanced Investing, Asset Allocation, Bond, Investing, Money Management, Stocks | 9 comments

Part 3: What is Risk Tolerance and How to Figure Out my Asset Classes Allocation

Today’s article of this multi-part series answers the question, “How to figure out my risk tolerance”. 

Part 1: In How to Build an Investment Management Strategy you learned the important research behind investing with a diversified asset classes portfolio.

Part 2: Outlined the 8 Steps to Creating a Diversified Asset Classes Portfolio.

Today you will learn how to figure out your risk tolerance and begin designing your own asset classes diversification strategy.

“There are two kinds of investors, be they large or small: those who don’t know where the market is headed, and those who don’t know that they don’t know.” William Bernstein, The Intelligent Asset Allocator.

Diversification Strategy – How to Figure Out my Risk Tolerance?

There are many risk tolerance quizzes online, all promising to tell you how much volatility you can tolerate. The truth is no one cares about upward volatility, when your investment values go up. The only risk we worry about is the decline in value!

The quizzes only take you so far. You may think you can handle a 20 percent drop in your portfolio, if you’ve never experienced one. The only way you know your risk tolerance for certain is to watch the value of your investment portfolio decline.

That said, my Sleep at Night Guide to Risk  is a good place to start. The Quiz is listed below and on page 42 of Invest and Beat the Pros, Create and Manage a Successful Investment Portfolio. “How to figure out my risk tolerance” is an imprecise activity, but useful nevertheless when creating your investment portfolio.

This simple quiz gives you an idea of how much downward risk you can stand in your investment portfolio.

diversification strategy risk quiz

Investment Risk Tolerance Quiz

If you scored A, you are a very conservative investor, and should maintain a lower percentage of stocks in your investment portfolio.

If you scored B, there’s some leeway in your asset allocation and would be considered a moderate investor. You might be okay with 40% to 65% stock assets in your portfolio.

If you scored C, you’re a more aggressive investor and can allocate a larger percentage of your total portfolio into stock assets.

Stock Investing Warning

Before dropping a large amount of money into any asset, there are several factors to consider.

1. What is the economic climate and the overall valuation of the S & P 500 stock market index? After the recent seven year bull market in stocks, I would not suggest putting a large allocation into the stock market if you’re nearing retirement. It’s likely that within the next few years, we will experience a market correction.

2. Consider dollar cost averaging any large sums in order to avoid trying to time the market. That means invest regularly into your investment portfolio; weekly, monthly, quarterly, or semi annually. Dollar cost averaging yields more shares when prices are lower and fewer when they are higher. It’s a systematic way to tilt toward buying low. And, if you’re investing in your workplace 401(k), then you’re already dollar cost averaging.

Bonus read; Little Known Investing Secrets; How to Buy Low (Always)>>>

How to Figure Out My Diversification Strategy with an Asset Classes Portfolio

Now that you’ve answered the question, “How to figure out my risk tolerance” and have an idea of the percentages to direct into stock vs bond funds, you’re ready to set up your investment portfolio. Depending upon your risk tolerance, here are some sample portfolios to consider. 

Each portfolio will be filled with low cost index funds according to the investor’s risk tolerance. The next article will provide a comprehensive list of various low cost index funds from a variety of issuers.

We’ll concentrate on simpler asset allocations with a maximum of four asset classes. If you are comfortable with more asset classes and willing to a bit more management, you can add more specialization as we did in the Aggressive Investment Portfolios.

Sample Diversification Strategy With Index Fund Portfolios:

Each of these sample portfolios include various categories of index funds. You can purchase these from a variety of providers such as Vanguard, Schwab, Fidelity, iShares and others. It’s your choice whether to choose fewer or greater number of funds in your portfolio. Part 4 of this series lists sample low fee index funds from which to choose.

Low Risk Tolerance-Conservative Investor

You are either a senior citizen or uncomfortable with the ups and downs in your financial portfolio.

Your portfolio will have more fixed assets (cash and bonds) and less stock investments than the more aggressive portfolios.

30% U.S. short-term bonds
30% TIPS fund
40% All world stock


30% Cash (CD’s, money market mutual funds)
30% I bonds
40% All world stock


70% Short term bond fund
20% Total U.S. stock market
10% All world (ex-US) stock

Bonus read; How to Rebalance Your Asset Allocation>>>

Medium Risk Tolerance-Moderate Investor

You can handle some volatility. You understand that your portfolio might go down 20 percent one year, but that over the long term it is likely to increase in value.

Your portfolio will have a moderate amount of stock investments and moderate amounts of fixed investments as well.

25% U.S. short-term bonds
25% TIPS fund
50% All world stock


20% Cash (CD’s, money market mutual funds)
30% I bonds
50% All world stock


45% Short term bond fund
25% Total U.S. stock market
20% All world (ex-US) stock
10% REIT

Hi Risk Investor-Aggressive Investor

You understand that in the long term stocks outperformed all other asset classes. You are confident that in the long term even the largest portfolio declines will be offset by increases in value, due to growing global companies.

Your portfolio will have more stock investments and fewer fixed investments.

30% Short term bond fund
35% Total U.S. stock market
25% All world (ex-US) stock
10% REIT


10% U.S. short-term bonds
10% TIPS fund
40% Total U.S. stock market
10% U.S. small cap stock
20% International stock
10% International REIT


15% U.S. short term bonds
15% I bonds
20% Total U.S. stock market
10% U.S. small cap stock
5% U.S. value stock
10% Developed market international (EAFE)
10% Emerging market international
10% U.S. REIT
5% International REIT


Coming next in Part 4: What are Index Funds and Asset Classes Investing? What Investments go into Asset Classes, you will get a list of low cost index funds from a variety of providers. We’ll discuss index funds in more detail.

Part 1: What is the best investing method? 
Part 2; 8 Steps to Creating a Diversified Asset Classes Portfolio
Part 3: Diversification Strategy: How to Figure Out My Risk Tolerance (today)
Part 4: What are index funds and asset classes investing?
Part 5: How to buy low and sell high using a diversified index fund asset classes portfolio

If you’d like an automated tool to calculate your risk tolerance and diversification strategy – check out Robo-Advisor Pros.

Updated: January 23, 2017

Have you begun investing yet? What is your preferred asset classes allocation?


  1. I don’t try to time the market so I dollar cost average into a 90% stocks / 10% bonds mix. I’m OK with big swings for now because I won’t need the money for close to 40 years!

    Lance @ Money Life and More

    October 14, 2013

  2. I have a pretty high risk tolerance. By 2009 I had already lost 60 percent of my portfolio, that really tested me.


    October 15, 2013

    • @Charles, That 2007-2008 market drop was tough. Hopefully, you have recovered nicely during the recent bull market. How have you been investing recently?

      Barbara Friedberg

      October 15, 2013

  3. This series has been wonderful. Our risk tolerance is pretty low. We have two in college and are closer to retirement age than we want to be. We do have an investment advisor, but neither of us believes in going in blind.

    You do an excellent job of breaking down complex topics. Thank you!

    Betsy @

    October 16, 2013

    • @Betsy, The good part is, your kids will eventually graduate from college and then the financial pressure really drops!!! I’m glad you are enjoying the series. Have you tried Government I bonds? They are a great investment for conservative investors and protect your principal from inflation. (

      Barbara Friedberg

      October 16, 2013

  4. Once we got within 10 years of retirement, we moved our asset allocation to a moderate portfolio of
    41% Total Stock Market
    9% Total International Stock Market
    34% Total Bond Market (intermediate term, ~5-year)
    9% TIPS (short term)
    3% I-bonds (we are increasing this %)
    4% CDs + cash

    Bryce @ Save and Conquer

    October 19, 2013

  5. With my risk tolerance score it seems I can tolerate high risks and fluctuations, probably going with a more aggresive strategy of more stocks in my portfolio.
    Certainly loving this series!

    Simon @ Modest MOney

    October 21, 2013

    • Hi Simon, If you have a long time horizon and can tolerate the ups and downs of investment classes, (and if history comes close to continuing into the future) you should be on a great path to build wealth.

      Barbara Friedberg

      October 21, 2013


  1. Carnival of Personal Finance, Epic Edition - […] Friedberg from Barbara Friedberg Personal Finance presents Diversification Strategy: How To Figure Out My Risk Tolerance, and says, “There…
  2. Aspiring Blogger – Personal Finance Carnival #18 – November 1, 2013 | Aspiring Blogger - […] Friedberg @ Barbara Friedberg Personal Finance writes Diversification Strategy: How To Figure Out My Risk Tolerance – There are…
  3. How to Build an Investment Portfolio Using Asset Classes | Barbara Friedberg Personal Finance - […] 2; 8 Steps to Creating a Diversified Asset Classes Portfolio Part 3: Diversification Strategy: How to Figure Out My Risk…
  4. UberPost Round Up of the Week - […] Barbara Friedberg @ Barbara Friedberg Personal Finance writes Diversification Strategy: How To Figure Out My Risk Tolerance […]
  5. Carnival of Financial Independence, 34th edition - […] Friedberg @ Barbara Friedberg Personal Finance writes Diversification Strategy: How To Figure Out My Risk Tolerance – There are…
  6. Feedback from Yahoo!Finance Readers – 4 Retirement Strategies to Avoid Now | Barbara Friedberg Personal Finance - […] are an important part of every investment portfolio. It’s helpful to understand their characteristics. If you have an asset…
  7. How to Invest for Retirement When You're Older - […] 2. Invest in an asset allocation in line with your risk tolerance. Although we’ve used the example of 60…
  8. How to Measure Investment Risk & Protect Against It - […] bond prices rise and vice versa. At times U.S. stock prices rise and European stock prices fall. Diversification is…

Post a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *